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The science of patience

In this installment: When I was a moron and told off armed robbers in the middle of nowhere at 2:00am after our car had been disabled

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. Why impatience makes you age faster

. My father’s fear for me

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. What is the single most important character trait for a Muslim?

.  What does science say are the benefits of patience?

. Do the patient individuals actually inherit the world?

. 14 of my favorite verses in the Qur’an

.  Amazing story of Saladin and the Crusaders

. How to teach children patience and self control

I remember it as if it were yesterday. Sitting at the feet of my father as a little boy ready to receive the wisdom of the day.

“Read it,” my dad would say, “you know how to read, so read it yourself.”

It might be an Arabic book, or a book of Hadith. Sometimes, he would read to me from a Hausa story book.

Whether I or he read, there would come the time to explain, slotting in whatever message he wanted to drive home that day.

The lesson of the day may be on honesty or respect for women. But what lingered around all of them was the need for me to be patient.

“Don’t shout at the little ones,” he would call out to me, “instead, teach them, because they don’t know.”

My father knew that impatience was my chief problem. Why wouldn’t he, when we have the same constitution, share the same genes?

Except that he had already defeated his impatience. Which means that his symptoms only slip out about once every decade. I, on the other hand, lost it about ten times a day – at that time.

Telling off an armed robber

And his fears were quite real. Because I have lost many opportunities due to impatience and put myself in pretty dangerous situations.

For example, have you ever argued with an armed robber at 2 A.M.?

I did it in the middle of nowhere when our car tires had been destroyed and windscreen shattered. To say nothing of the escape into the bush of the soldier that was driving the car.

Different members of the robbery gang kept coming at me, asking for money, threatening to shoot.

I emptied my pockets yet they kept coming asking “where is the money?”

Then I lost it. “I’ve given all the money to your friend over there!” I exploded.

I thought their thinking was sloppy. “How can you ask me for what I had already given? How many pockets do I have?”

Sloppy thinking. That is the first thing that easily got on my nerves. The other one is injustice. But in a society like ours, you see these everywhere – everyday. Only a moron will allow them to get on his nerves.

I only came to my senses when one of the robbers said: “This guy is not afraid of us.  I’m going to shoot you now!”

“Please don’t shoot!” I pleaded.

“Having patience means being able to wait calmly in the face of frustration or adversity, so anywhere there is frustration or adversity-i.e., nearly everywhere-we have the opportunity to practice it,” Kira M. Newman wrote for UC Berkeley’s Greater Good Magazine.

In the case of these armed robbers, they simply didn’t care about my scruples.

They had their own concerns; because I was so close to them I could feel their anxiety.

Then I realized that although they were wielding dangerous weapons, they themselves were afraid of the unknown.  

“The soldier you came with has run into the bush with a gun, right?” They asked me.

This made them nervous. Which made them more dangerous.

In the morning, I trekked to the nearby village; I was curious to know how dangerous the night before really was. 

“You were lucky,” the villagers confirmed.  “They have killed and maimed their victims.”

That’s one example, of how I put myself in harm’s way. As you shall learn presently, there are three types of patience according to science. I was bereft of all of them.

One type of patience is interpersonal patience which doesn’t involve waiting; but it requires dealing with annoying people with calmness. The story above showed that I didn’t have that one.

Therefore, more than anything, I wrote this chapter for myself, praying that it would salve my own impatience. Although still struggling, I’m getting wiser, I’m getting calmer.

We’ve now discovered that it’s not only philosophy and religion that encourage patience, science too has joined the call.

But first, let’s examine why patience is the single most important non cognitive pillar the Qur’an commends; and why everyone (from the individual to the United Nations) should consider the Qur’an’s perspective on patience.

By far, my favorite verses in the Qur’an are contained in Chapter 25. So let us see how they will affect us – if everyone answered the call of the verses.

These magnificent words, which flow from verse 63 to the end of the chapter, when put to use, would give the world absolute peace. We would be happy and stroll like angels on earth.

Except that the words do not invite us to enact any angelic sacrifice. Rather, Allah commands us to do simple things such as:

. Praying for our offspring (verse 74)

. When we meet naysayers, hecklers and the ignorant, we should say something peaceful to them and not engage them (verse 63)

. When you spend, don’t be stingy or extravagant (verse 67)

. Don’t give false evidence or engage in ill speech (verse 72)

. Don’t commit adultery or idolatry (68)

But the most important thing I want to point out here is that toward the end of these verses Allah says of the servants who follow these regulations: “Those will be awarded the Chamber for what they PATIENTLY endured, and they will be received therein with greetings and [words of] peace.”

We can learn two things here: one, you can’t be a good servant of Allah without having patience; two, the reward for patience is eternal peace.

Remember at the beginning of the description of the ibadurrahman, Allah says when they meet the ignorant, they bear them with a patient shrug and say words of peace?

“And the servants of the Most Merciful are those who walk upon the earth easily, and when the ignorant address them [harshly], they say [words of] peace.”

At the end of the description, Allah says words of peace would also be said to the patient fellows in Heaven, because they themselves used to say them on earth.

Science, however, is beginning to demonstrate that the patient will not only be rewarded in the hereafter, but also in this world.

The following is a discussion of the positive outcomes that are due to the patient one according to science.

In a 2007 study, Sarah A. Schnitker and Robert Emmons demonstrated that patient individuals had better mental health because they felt more abundance, experienced less depression, had fewer negative emotions and were more mindful and more connected to mankind.

Professor Terrie E. Moffitt, a psychological scientist at the Duke University believes that the developed world needs patience now as they needed education at the dawn of the 20th Century. She said this during her keynote speech at the inaugural International Convention of Psychological Science in Amsterdam.

In an ongoing longitudinal research since the 1970s, Moffitt and her colleagues measure different life outcomes of over 1,000 people from childhood (beginning at age 3) in the city of Dunedin in New Zealand.

Commenting on her study, PsychologicalScience.org reported:

“According to results, the participants who had measured the lowest on self-control [a measure of patience] in childhood scored the highest on various health problems by age 38, Moffitt reported.”

She also said that based on their biomarkers, those scoring lowest on self-control measure were one year older than their chronological age, while those with self-control were one year younger.

“So the two groups are about one-and-a-half years apart,” Moffitt said. “And we predict that this difference between them will widen as they continue to age.”

Moffitt also analyzed data on fraternal (not identical) twins from the U.K. and found that the twin who scored low on self-control as a child, had more behavioral, academic and occupational problems in secondary school.

“And that’s despite having grown up in the same home with the same parents, in the same neighborhood, in the same school, and in most cases in the same classroom,” Moffitt said. “So for this analysis it’s not merely the family into which you’re born that matters. It’s whether you’re able to develop self-control skills that counts, as well.”

The second kind of patience is the strength to bear daily hassles – such as a traffic gridlock – without losing your head.

Moffitt concluded by saying that “self-control has come to mean more today than it did in the past, and a person’s level of health [and] wealth now follows in part from the self-control skills they’re able to master as children.”

Yet, from the Islamic perspective, it is not now that self-control has come to mean so much. Everywhere you turn in the Qur’an Allah commands His servants to be patient so that they will be successful.

For example, the Qur’an clearly shows us how Allah prepared Prophet Muhammad (SAW) for the message in chapter 73.

To be continued next week. 

(This is a chapter in the book  ‘Social Science of Prophet Muhammad (SAW)’  by Ibraheem Dooba)

If you are interested in being notified when the book is completed, please email profbrainy@gmail.com

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